A4WP Wireless Charging Tutorial

- details and specifics about the A4WP Wireless Charging system developed and promoted by the Alliance for Wireless Power.

A4WP is a wireless charging and transfer technology that has been developed to enable the efficient transfer of power to devices without the use of wires.

In this way A4WP allows wire less charging for many devices from mobile phones to music devices and much more.


Alliance For Wireless Power, A4WP

The Alliance for Wireless Power is an independent industry body that was set up to develop and maintain the standards for a form of wireless power that allowed additional spatial freedom over the standards that already existed.

The aim was to develop a standard that would address simultaneous charging of multiple devices ranging from very low power products, such as Bluetooth headsets, to today's most power hungry tablets.

Beyond the development of their standards, the organisation seeks to promote the use of wire-less charging, and in particular its own standard.


A4WP wireless charging basics

The A4WP standard is used to deliver power, typically for wireless charging.

At the core of its technology is the inductive power transfer techniques used by other competing standards.

A4WP uses a large area for the magnetic field, and this enables the device positioning requirements to be less critical, and it also allows a single power transmitter to charge multiple devices at any one time.

A4WP states that it uses magnetic resonance charging. Essentially it uses the same magnetic inductive techniques, but using this approach it allows devices placed within the inductor ring to be charged without having to line-up perfectly with the coil.

A further advantage of A4WP is that it enables the possibility of Z axis charging placement. This means that chargers can be built deeper into other objects, like a desk for example, whilst still allowing the electromagnetic fields to permeate the material.


A4WP features

The A4WP standard differs from other wireless charging techniques in a number of ways. Being more recent in its development it has looked at some of the issues with wireless charging and adopted a slightly different approach.

There are several features to the development:

  • Wireless Power Transfer:   This uses a relatively high frequency of 6.78 MHz. This is a frequency that is internationally available for this type of application, and using one as high means that it avoids inductive heating issues seen with tightly-coupled inductive systems using much lower frequencies.
  • Control / management protocol:   The frequency used for control and management is within the 2.4 GHz ISM (Industrial Scientific and Medial) band. It is internationally available and is ideal for use with smartphones and other electronic items. Read more about the control and management protocols and signalling.
  • Power Transmitter Unit, PTU:   This is the unit that transmits the power to the unit requiring charging. Read more about the power transmitting unit.
  • Power Receiving Unit, PRU:   This unit takes the power from the transmitter and uses it, often for charging a battery. There are several classes of PRU dependent upon the application envisaged. Read more about the power receiving unit.

    A4WP PRU Categories
    PRU Category Power Output Anticipated Applications
    Category 1 On roadmap Headset
    Category 2 3.5 W Feature phone
    Category 3 6.5 W Smart phone
    Category 4 On roadmap Tablet
    Category 5 On roadmap Laptop

Key A4WP specification highlights


A4WP Technology Highlights
Feature Details
Power transfer frequency 6.78 MHz (ISM band)
Protocol / control signal frequency 2.4 GHz

By Ian Poole


<< Previous   |   Next >>


Share this page


Want more like this? Register for our newsletter






Too good to be true - the cost of counterfeit electronics and how to avoid them Miguel Fernandez | Avnet EMEA
Too good to be true - the cost of counterfeit electronics and how to avoid them
The issue of counterfeit electronic components is one that has troubles the electronics industry - using them can have some major issues, everything from being removed from a preferred suppliers list to a reduction in quality.
Training
Online - Effective Spectrum Analyzer Measurements
Learn how to make spectrum analyzer measurements at RF and microwave frequencies

More training courses

Whitepapers
Understanding 5G
Find out all about the current thinking and the technologies likely to be used for 5G. Be prepared . . read this informed and informative white paper.

More whitepapers










Radio-Electronics.com is operated and owned by Adrio Communications Ltd and edited by Ian Poole. All information is © Adrio Communications Ltd and may not be copied except for individual personal use. This includes copying material in whatever form into website pages. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the information on Radio-Electronics.com, no liability is accepted for any consequences of using it. This site uses cookies. By using this site, these terms including the use of cookies are accepted. More explanation can be found in our Privacy Policy